One of the serious problems that we are experiencing in this planet is the adverse climate change, which has been creating massive loss of lives and properties for years. This condition is the main reason why ice on lakes and rivers break up prematurely, flowering season is slowly changing, and glaciers are rapidly shrinking. In addition, there are more animals that face extinction and spread of diseases caused by viruses are increasing.
What is climate change, how is it affect every being on Earth, and what may happen supposing this issue prevails? Read along to learn valuable pieces of information about this condition including studies about it.
Changes in Climate
Decades back, scientists have predicted various scenarios to occur due to climate change. These situations include great floods, prolonged and more serious heat waves, rapid rise in sea level, and the loss of polar ice caps and glaciers. Moreover, there is an estimated one-degree Fahrenheit increase in the average surface temperature of the Earth in the 20th century. Yet, most people are unaware of what this may cause to the whole planet.
Although this may seem as a significant amount of temperature increase, this is something that does not happen all the time in recent years. In fact, researchers have discovered that for several years, the global temperature on Earth remained constant, until this change occured. The average temperature can be determined on the coral reefs, ice cores and tree rings.
Back in history, tremendous changes have taken place because of a slight change in climate. For instance, during the latter part of the most recent ice age, the average global temperature was only cooler than today by about 5 to 9 degrees – and this was the time when there was 3000 feet of thick ice covering the entire Northeastern part of the United States!
Due to the continuing issue on increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the Earth’s temperature is likely to keep rising. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, there is a possible increase of 2.5 to about 10 degrees in Fahrenheit in the coming century. This is an alarming problem that yields destructive results to all creatures in the planet. Furthermore, there is a varying effect of this change in climate from one region of the Earth to another. This all depends on environmental systems’ ability to deal with these changes.
Effects of Changes in Climate
There are several possible long-term effects of an increase in overall surface temperature on Earth. For instance, scientists predict that the growing season will become longer due to the absence of frost during winter. Ever since the 1980s, this has been observed such as in the western part of the United States. Frost-free seasons, specifically in coastal and elevated areas, will not go less than 8 weeks.
Precipitation patterns will also change immensely. In fact, this has been going on since 1900, and there are more amounts of precipitation during spring and winter in the northern regions of the United States, as compared to what is experienced in the Southwest. Additionally, longer and more episodes of heat waves and droughts will occur. Before this century ends, intense heat waves are expected to occur in the country every 2 to 3 years.
With all these consequences linked with climate change, it is time to start spreading awareness on this problem and addressing it to save our ailing planet.